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Let's make composting something we all just do.


Organic, biodegradable material needs to go back to the earth, and that’s why compost is a good thing, and why we should all be composting. We’re reposting this article by, to show you how easy it can be to get going.

Compost is literally the best thing you can plant your vegetables and flowers in.

What is even better is that you can make your own. You only need a compost bin and some of the materials that we will discuss below.

There are tricks to making a healthy compost. Some things break down while others don’t. You also need to know of what you can and cannot compost before you jump onboard.

You’ll be surprised to find that you have many (if not all) of the materials listed below all over the house.


Used coffee grounds and filters: neutral — be sure that they are used as they’re less acidic once used. Worms are addicted to coffee too so just throw them right into your compost. If your filters are paper toss them in the compost bin too.

Paper napkins: carbon — these will have to be torn into small pieces or made wet before mixing into the compost.

Freezer burnt vegetables: nitrogen — these can just be tossed right into your compost.

Freezer burnt fish: nitrogen — you will need to make sure you have more carbon than nitrogen. A good recipe is three parts carbon to one part nitrogen.

Freezer burnt fruit: nitrogen — it is best if fruit is cut into smaller pieces.

Unused or old spices: nitrogen — these can be added as is.

Vegetable scraps: nitrogen — these can be added as they are.

Paper towels: carbon — these should be ripped into smaller pieces to make composting easier and faster.

Used tea bags and grounds: nitrogen — these can be tossed into the compost as is.

Egg shells: neutral — these should be crushed before being added to the compost pile. They break down slower, so it speeds up the composting process if they are crushed.

Fruit rinds and peelings: nitrogen — since these are tougher to break down, it is best if you cut them up into smaller pieces before adding them to the compost pile.

Corn cobs: carbon — these are another tough one to break down. If you are able to cut them up or shred them before mixing them into the compost pile, you will be better off for it.

The kitchen is where it is at.

Cooked rice: nitrogen — rice is already pretty small after cooking so it can be added as is to the compost pile.

Bread crusts or stale bread: carbon — Be sure the bread is stale and broken up though in order to keep pests out of your compost pile.

Tofu: nitrogen — since tofu comes from soybeans it is plant based and easy to break down.

Paper towel rolls: carbon — these should be broken down before added.

Cereal boxes: carbon — ditto for cereal boxes

Stale cereal: carbon — cereal is grain-based and therefore should break down easily.

Stale crackers: carbon — again, grain-based and easy to break down.

Used paper plates: carbon — should be broken into small pieces or made wet before mixing into the compost pile.

Muffin liners: carbon — ditto for muffin liners.

Pasta: carbon — pasta is grain based and should break down easily. Be sure to mix into the compost very well as it will attract pests.

Pizza boxes: carbon — they should be ripped into tiny pieces.

Paper grocery bags: carbon — ditto for grocery bags.

Old milk: neutral — should be added in small amounts.

Melted ice cream: neutral — should be treated like milk.
Old cheese: neutral — ditto for cheese.

Paper egg cartons: carbon — should be ripped up so they can break down easier.

Old preserves: nitrogen — preserves come from plants, so they are easy to break down.

Old snack food that is going to waste: carbon — most of these items will be grain based and easy to break down.

Old canned food that has spoiled: nitrogen — these will be easy to break down as they are plant based.

Old, dried up herbs: nitrogen — these are also plant based and easy to break down.

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